In this lesson you will learn about the interactions between the endocrine system and nervous system in maintaining steady internal conditions knowns as homeostasis.
By the end of this lesson, students should be able to:
- differentiate between endocrine and exocrine glands.
- explain endocrine, paracrine and autocrine signaling.
- identify the major endocrine glands in the human body.
- classify hormones based on their chemical structure into polypeptides, amines and steroids.
- describe how water-soluble and lipid-soluble hormones are transported across membranes and their respective response pathways.
- explain signal transduction using epinephrine as an example.
- explain positive and negative feedback regulation of hormone activity.
- compare and contrast the two antagonistic hormones insulin and glucagon.
- define type I and type II Diabetes Mellitus.
- explain how the hypothalamus and pituitary gland regulate the endocrine system.
- describe the structure of both the anterior and posterior pituitary glands and list the hormones release from each gland.
- name all endocrine glands, their hormones, chemical type, target tissues and regulation.
Lets look at the Endocrine System in the video lesson below. Please take detailed notes as you watch it.
Poster- Human Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones
Print this poster so that you can use it to study and review human endocrine glands and their hormones
Peptide Hormones Activities
Watch the animations below describing the signaling pathways of both peptide (water-soluble) and steroid (lipid-soluble) hormones. Compare and contrast their transport across membranes and interactions with cellular components.
Below is a video lesson on the hormonal regulation of metabolisms and the pituitary gland. Once again, watch it and take detailed notes.