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This course focuses primarily on the concepts and theories that provide the framework for modern chemistry. In this course students will study the behaviour of organic compounds, their molecular structures and properties, the rates and energy changes in chemical reactions, equilibrium and electrochemistry. Emphasis will be placed on the importance of chemistry in daily life and on evaluating the impact of chemical technology on the environment.
|Unit Titles and Descriptions||Time Allocated|
Students will demonstrate an understanding of how the predictable chemical and physical properties of organic compounds are determined by their respective structures. They will also assess the significant implications of organic chemical reactions and their applications for society, human health, and the environment.
|Structure and Properties of Matter|
Students will demonstrate an understanding of how the nature of attractive forces that exist between particles in a substance determines the properties and limits the uses of that substance. They will also evaluate the societal benefits and costs of technological devices that are based on the principles of atomic and molecular structures.
|Energy Changes and Rates of Reaction|
Students will demonstrate an understanding of how energy changes and rates of reaction can be described quantitatively. They will investigate ways to improve the efficiency of chemical reactions by applying optimal conditions. Students will also evaluate the societal and environmental costs and benefits of technologies that transform energy.
|Chemical Systems and Equilibrium|
Students will demonstrate an understanding of the predictable ways in which chemical systems are dynamic and respond to changing conditions. They will also assess the significant implications for nature and industry of applying chemical systems at equilibrium.
Students will demonstrate an understanding of the predictable way in which electrons are transferred from one substance to another in oxidation and reduction reactions. They will also assess the significant implications of controlling and applying oxidation and reduction reactions for industry, health and safety, and the environment.
|Independent Research Project (SSTE Connections)|
This is a proctored exam worth 30% of your final grade.
Prerequisite: Chemistry, Grade 11, University Preparation (SCH3U)
Resources required by the student:
Note: This course is entirely online and does not require or rely on any textbook.
- A scanner, smart phone camera, or similar device to upload handwritten or hand-drawn work,
- A non-programmable, non-graphing, scientific calculator.
Resources provided by Ontario Study ePortal:
- Interactive Periodic Table
- Online calculator
Overall Curriculum Expectations
|A. Scientific Investigation Skills and Career Exploration|
|A1||demonstrate scientific investigation skills (related to both inquiry and research) in the four areas of skills (initiating and planning, performing and recording, analysing and interpreting, and communicating);|
|A2||identify and describe a variety of careers related to the fields of science under study, and identify scientists, including Canadians, who have made contributions to those fields.|
|B. Organic Chemistry|
|B1||assess the social and environmental impact of organic compounds used in everyday life, and propose a course of action to reduce the use of compounds that are harmful to human health and the environment;|
|B2||investigate organic compounds and organic chemical reactions, and use various methods to represent the compounds;|
|B3||demonstrate an understanding of the structure, properties, and chemical behaviour of compounds within each class of organic compounds.|
|C. Structure and Properties of Matter|
|C1||assess the benefits to society and evaluate the environmental impact of products and technologies that apply principles related to the structure and properties of matter;|
|C2||investigate the molecular shapes and physical properties of various types of matter;|
|C3||demonstrate an understanding of atomic structure and chemical bonding, and how they relate to the physical properties of ionic, molecular, covalent network, and metallic substances.|
|D. Energy Changes and Rates of Reaction|
|D1||analyse technologies and chemical processes that are based on energy changes, and evaluate them in terms of their efficiency and their effects on the environment;|
|D2||investigate and analyse energy changes and rates of reaction in physical and chemical processes, and solve related problems;|
|D3||demonstrate an understanding of energy changes and rates of reaction.|
|E. Chemical Systems and Equilibrium|
|E1||analyse chemical equilibrium processes, and assess their impact on biological, biochemical, and technological systems;|
|E2||investigate the qualitative and quantitative nature of chemical systems at equilibrium, and solve related problems;|
|E3||demonstrate an understanding of the concept of dynamic equilibrium and the variables that cause shifts in the equilibrium of chemical systems.|
|F1||analyse technologies and processes relating to electrochemistry, and their implications for society, health and safety, and the environment;|
|F2||investigate oxidation-reduction reactions using a galvanic cell, and analyse electrochemical reactions in qualitative and quantitative terms;|
|F3||demonstrate an understanding of the principles of oxidation-reduction reactions and the many practical applications of electrochemistry.|